What is Dextroamphetamine?

Dextroamphetamine is a central nervous system stimulant that can affect the chemicals in the brain associated with hyperactivity and impulse control. As a prescription medication, it is used to treat attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder ADHD and narcolepsy. It is highly effective in promoting calmness and focus in people with ADHD and wakefulness and energy with those with narcolepsy. However it also has a high potential for abuse and addiction. Dextroamphetamine is administered as a pill and taken orally, but can also be found in an extended release capsule and a liquid solution. It is one of the medications, along with amphetamine, in the name brand prescription Adderall which is also used to treat ADHD and narcolepsy. Some of the name brands dextroamphetamine is sold under in the US include:

  • Dexedrine
  • Dextrostat
  • LIquadd
  • Dexedrine Spansules
  • ProCentra
  • Zenzedi

Effects of Dextroamphetamine

The effects of Dexedrine and dextroamphetamine act on the central nervous system to produce alertness, focus, and wakefulness in its users. Desirable effects of Dexedrine include feeling calmer, less impulsive, and less restless in those with ADHD, however those who do not need it experience a sense of concentration, need less sleep, and improved mental performance. Dexedrine abuse also increases dopamine in the brain leading to a rush of euphoria. Some other effects of Dexedrine include:

  • Loss of appetite
  • Uncontrollable shaking or jitters
  • Headache
  • Difficulty sleeping
  • Restlessness
  • Headache
  • Constipation
  • Dry mouth
  • Weight loss
  • Changes in sex drive
  • Difficulty sleeping

Signs of Dextroamphetamine Abuse and Addiction

Dexedrine abuse is common among students who pass around prescription stimulants as a way to improve focus and stay up later for studying purposes. Some individuals also abuse Dexedrine for weight loss, boosting athletic performance, or in individuals who need to stay up late, like truck drivers. Dexedrine abuse is classified as any type of use other than directed by a doctor and may require help from a treatment center. Drug abuse can always lead to dependence and drug addiction. Some signs of Dexedrine addiction include:

  • Social or interpersonal problems due to drug abuse
  • Decline in performance at school or work
  • Withdrawal symptoms when not using
  • Building tolerance, meaning they need more of the drug to get the same effects
  • Using more and for longer periods of time
  • Repeated failed attempts to control use or quit using
  • Physical or psychological health issues, including anxiety and depression
  • Having cravings
  • Giving up on activities once enjoyed due to using Dexedrine

Dextroamphetamine Withdrawal Symptoms

Individuals who have been dealing with dextroamphetamine abuse, including taking large doses or for an extended period of time, are at high risk for withdrawal symptoms. Withdrawals can come with dangerous mental health and physical issues, including suicidal thoughts, heart attack, and stroke. Some withdrawal symptoms include:

  • Fatigue
  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Sleep issues, either insomnia or sleeping too much
  • Slow movements
  • Increased appetite
  • Agitation
  • Vivid dreams

Long Term Side Effects of Dextroamphetamine Abuse

One of the biggest long-term side effects of dextroamphetamine use is the potential for abuse and addiction, dependence, and withdrawal symptoms when stopping use. Even when used as directed, it can cause drug addiction and dependence. It can also cause many emotional and physical side effects. Long-term Dexedrine use can suppress growth and weight loss in children. Chronic Dexedrine abuse can lead to:

  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Violent, unpredictable, and erratic behaviors
  • Psychosis similar to schizophrenia which includes hallucinations (auditory and visual), paranoia, and obsession with their own thoughts
  • Compulsive skin picking, which may be a reaction to hallucinations of insects under the skin
  • Heart problems due to higher blood pressure and heart rate
  • Changes in sex drive or reduced sexual function
  • Dementia is possible later in life

Dextroamphetamine Addiction Treatment

Treatment for Dextroamphetamine addiction is available through drug rehab treatment centers. Professional treatment can help address the various aspects of Dextroamphetamine addiction and abuse through evidence-based treatments like cognitive behavioral therapy and dialectical behavior therapy. Other forms of addiction treatment include individual therapy, family therapy, group therapy, 12-step programming, and holistic treatments. Medical detox may be necessary at the beginning of treatment programs to help you go through Dextroamphetamine withdrawal safely and comfortably. Various levels of care are available to help with any severity of addiction and abuse including inpatient treatment, intensive outpatient program, partial hospitalization program, and outpatient rehab. Inpatient Outpatient programs are a good fit for those with less severe addictions or who need to continue working, going to school, or staying at home during their addiction treatment. Treatment for Dextroamphetamine can include dual diagnosis programs to help treat co-occurring disorders such as anxiety, depression, and panic attacks that may have been brought on by substance abuse.

If you or someone you love is struggling with Dextroamphetamine addiction and abuse, treatment is available and our addiction specialists at DayBreak Treatment Solutions are available to answer your questions about rehab.

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